SWOT/TOWS ANALYSIS AS A METHOD OF DEFINING SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS
Agnieszka Bieda, Anna Brzozowska
AGH University of Science and Technology
The basis for defining the objectives of spatial policy is an analysis of the state of factors and directions of spatial development. Analysis of directions of spatial development can be carried out in various ways. One of the methods used for this purpose is the SWOT / TOWS analysis.
The authors intention was to check whether the heuristic SWOT / TOWS method, carried out on a full scale basis, can be used to identify the factors influencing spatial development and to indicate directions for spatial development. The analysis was performed for the town of Niepołomice (Niepołomice Community, Wieliczka County, Małopolskie Voivodeship), which is set as an example of well-conducted spatial policy.
Key words: spatial policy, special economic zone, Krakow Metropolitan Area, SWOT/TOWS analysis, Niepołomice
MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL IN SELECTED ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS
Katarzyna Cegielska, Marta Szylar, Anita Kukulska
University of Agriculture in Krakow
Social and economic development always takes place in certain space. Space as a living environment for humans, is a limited and non-renewable factor. Interdisciplinary approach to space is a necessity arising from the law (application of the principles of sustainable development and spatial order).
The aim of presented study was to examine the development potential level of the selected municipalities located in the district of Krakow, which borders directly with the city. The set of indicators concerned four thematic areas: society, economy, environment and spatial development. Statistical data, related to 2015, have been downloaded from the Local Data Bank (LDB). Benchmarking and typology were used for the analysis. Using two methods made the research more reliable. Presented study can be a valuable instrument to support decisions taken by the administrative units during the preparations of local development plans, strategies and programs in municipalities.
Keywords: development potential, typology, benchmarking, krakowski district
DISCREPANCY OF ASSESSMENTS IN GRUP DECISION MAKING AS IMPORTANT INFORMATION IN SOLVING SPATIAL CONFLICTSi
Warsaw University of Technology
Making spatial decisions related to the allocation of management functions is associated with the issue of solving spatial conflicts. The determination of usefulness of land for a land use function applies geographic information systems and methods of multi-criteria analysis. The analysis process increasingly frequently involves groups of participants playing different roles in the decision making process and having different goals. The discrepancy of assessments of particular members of the group can be analyzed, and measures of discrepancy can be determined. The maps of usefulness of land determined by multi-criteria analysis constitute input data for the analysis of multi-goal allocation of land function. In geographic information systems, solving the issue of land allocation frequently applies heuristic methods using various approaches to the occurring spatial conflict. This article describes the developed analysis procedure, in which it was assumed that the spatial measure of discrepancy of assessments of decision-makers is an important factor which should be considered in solving spatial conflicts.
Key words: Land use allocation, analysis process, AHP, heuristic algorithm, results uncertainty
THE SOUTHERN PART OF POZNAŃ – CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT THE FORMER ,,CLAY PITS”
Daniel Liberacki, Piotr Stachowski, Dawid Gębski
Poznań University of Life Sciences
In the article the author presents the concept of development of clay pits, located in the boundaries of city Poznań. The area is characterized by natural and landscape values. The place also has a cultural and historical past. Several dozen of ponds were formed as a result of the mining of clay decks, which in the nearby brickworks were processed into building materials. After a series of analysed, three functional zoned of the site were identified. The area, that was the most precious natural place remain unchanged, fishing grounds and horse studs were also introduced.
Key words: water reservoir, development concept clay pits
PROPOSAL TO DETERMINE THE MARKET VALUE OF WOODLANDS AND WOODED AREAS FOR A LIMITED MARKET
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
The limited market of woodlands and wooded areas makes it necessary to make separate appraisalsof land and components, i.e. a forest stand and stand density.
In practice, it is impossible to make an appraisal of lands using a comparative approach and the current procedures of appraisal of woodlands and wooded areas rely on appraisal indices of lands. The results obtained with this method raise doubts as to whether they may be deemed actual market values.
This study analyses the existing procedures of estimating forests and wooded land and proposes changes to these procedures in the event of the functioning of a limited market for this type of property.
For the valuation of forests using the method of estimated indicators, their value is the product of the estimated indicator for a forest (depending on the type of habitat and tax district), the surface area and specific characteristics of the land and the price of 1 m3 of wood on the local market (according to the data provided by the Forest District Office). Over time, the value of a forest changes according to the price of 1 m3 of wood. Currently, the value of 1 ha of a forest rarely exceeds the level of PLN 10,000.
Using the method of price analysis published by the Central Statistical Office (GUS) between 2004
and 2016, the following price changes were found during the period under analysis:
– 1 m3 of wood, and an increase in the value of 1 ha of a forest of 59%;
– 1 dt of rye grain, and an increase in the value of 1 ha of wooded land of 36%;
– 1 ha of agricultural land, an increase of 494%;
– 1 ha of farmland of 5th and 6th class of soil valuation, an increase of 535%.
Such large disparities in prices found during the study, which increase over time, raise doubts about the procedures of forest and wooded land valuation the application of the method of estimated indicators of land.
A new method of valuation of such land was proposed based on average prices of farmland with predominant areas of particular soil valuation class in the local market. The market value of forests, expressed as the fertility of forest habitats along with the valuation classes of farmland, were linked and justified. In addition, the proposed method takes into account specific characteristics of the forests and the wooded land being priced.
Key words: woodlands and wooded areas, appraisal, limited market
THE INFLUENCE OF THE SPATIAL ORDER ON THE RESIDENTS’ QUALITY OF LIFE ILLUSTRATED WITH AN EXAMPLE OF JÓZEFOSŁAW IN THE COMMUNITY PIASECZNO
Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach
Shaping of the spatial order constitutes one of main aims of spatial planning at all planning levels. Proper organization of the space allows its ordering and preservation of compositional aesthetic. The scope of the spatial order concept is very broad that why its assessment can be considered in different aspects. The aim of the article is to study the spatial order of Józefosław village on the basis of determining the characteristics of its land use planning and records of local zoning plans and analyzing its of the influence on residents’ quality standard of living. In the methodical part the article relies on overview of the assessment methods of spatial order and particularly concerns the characteristics of the types of residential development occurring in the studied locality, study of records of local zoning plans and communication system analysis. The author tries to examine the extent to which spatial order can influence the quality of life residents of Józefosław.
Key words: spatial order, quality of life, spatial planning
PERMANENT ADMINISTRATION AS A FORM OF HOLDING PUBLIC REAL PROPERTIES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CITY OF KRAKOW
AGH University of Science and Technology
One of the legal forms of holding public real estate by organizational units without legal personality (except lease, rent and lending) is permanent administration. This right allows these units to perform statutory tasks. The purpose of the study was to analyze the role and significance of permanent administration in the process of managing the real estate of the city of Krakow and the budgetary receipts against other income of the city.
The scope of the research studies covered the structure and surface area of the land lent for permanent administration, the amount of annual fees and the practical problems associated with establishing this legal form. The comparative analysis of permanent administration with other forms of public property management by organizational units without legal personality was carried out as well.
Keywords: public real estate real estate, fees, administration