DIVERSIFICATION OF VEGETATION OF KĘPA KIKOLSKA AND FORMULATED DIRECTIONS FOR SHAPING OF ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF THIS REGION
Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie
Vegetation is one of the most important component of the landscape and play important role in the ecological system of the region. The most valuable plant communities are represented by forests, water and rushes vegetation, peat bogs, which develop without human pressure. Nowadays the impact of human activity is noticeable in the natural environment, so it is important to recognize the values
of existing vegetation, in order to preserve natural and semi-natural communities. This is possible to keep natural and seminatural vegetation if it will be formulated proper directions for landscape shaping with particular attention to nature refuges. This article presents the diversity of vegetation of Kępa Kikolska and to formulated directions for shaping the ecological system of this region.
LONG TERM ACTIONS OF COMMUNITY AUTHORITIES THAT AFFECT THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON EXAMPLE OF DOBRA SZCZECIŃSKA COMMUNITY
The purpose of the article is to find an answer to the question whether the community authorities of Dobra contribute to the socio-economic development and the improvement of the life of the inhabitants of this region. An analysis and evaluation of the actions taken over the past 20 years by the Dobra Szczecin commune authorities in Zachodniopomorskie has been conducted, to assess the needs of the inhabitants in the ecological, social, economic, housing and spatial development areas. The author made a critical analysis of literature, studied documents from the Commune Office and publications from publicly available web sides. A constructive criticism of the plans of the municipal authorities for the coming years has been done as well.
Key words: socio-economic development, community authorities, actions, strategies
PLACE OF THE CONTEMPORARY COMMERCE IN THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF SMALL TOWNS AROUND WROCŁAW
Robert Masztalski, Agnieszka Szumilas
Wrocław University of Science and Technology
The transformation of the Polish economy in the nineties led to the development of the services sector, often forced by missing alternatives. Along with the development of the capitalist system in Poland the contemporary commercial facilities were appearing. They appeared in the big towns in the early 90s, and in small ones 10 years later. Authors define the place of contemporary commercial buildings in the spatial structure of small towns. Downtown as well as residential and suburban locations are taken into account. The subject to the analysis were 22 towns with population from 4 to 20 thousand inhabitants. Based on statistical data and the different types of locations it proved possible to determine trends that accompanied the development of new forms of trade in small Polish towns over the period of 10 years.
Key words: contemporary commerce, spatial structure, town, transformation
USE PHOTOGRAMMETRIC DATA IN AGRICULTURAL-ARRANGEMENT WORKS
Jacek M. Pijanowski, Izabela Piech, Barbara Posiak
Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie
Arrangement-agricultural works including land consolidation process enable comprehensive rural areas development. However, these procedures are complicated, laborious and time-consuming. To properly plan the tasks that aim to adapting the spatial structure of the area to needs of its sustainable development it is necessary to thoroughly investigate the development area. Great potential in this area possess photogrammetric data and analysis based on it. The aim of this article is to present possibilities of using photogrammetric data for arrangement-agricultural works. Case study concerns analysis for Chodów village with using point clouds and orthophotography gained within ISOK program. The result is a map showing comprehensive analyzes of the terrain. The research draws attention to the occurrence and location of potential problem areas. The article shows a quick way to generate inestimable analyzes for creating assumptions for the land consolidation project, using free software.
Key words: agricultural-arrangement works, land consolidation, photogrammetric data, airborne laser scanning
PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CITTASLOW TOWNS IN THE REGION OF WARMIA AND MAZURY – THE EXAMPLE OF MORĄG
Agnieszka Szczepańska, Katarzyna Pietrzyk
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
The Cittaslow movement promotes a “good quality of life”. The organization brings together small towns from all countries of the world, including Poland where the majority of Cittaslow towns are located in the Region of Warmia and Mazury. The region also abounds in many candidate towns, including Morąg, for which a case study was conducted. An attempt was made to evaluate Morąg’s potential and ability to meet Cittaslow certification requirements.
Key words: Cittaslow, small towns, quality of life
CREATING SPATIAL AWARENESS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Akademickie Koło Naukowe Gospodarki Przestrzennej
Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
The aim of the article is to show the role of spatial awareness development in pre-school children on the basis of conducted research during the implementation of the scientific and educational project “Poznan Academy of Space – perception of the environment and its impact on our lives” in spring and summer of 2017. In work were used two research methods: free targeted interviews and questionnaire surveys. The article was divided into two main parts. It is preceded by an introduction in which the motives of taking up the topic were discussed, and the methodology of the research was approximated. The first part is the theoretical chapter, which is designed to explain to the reader the key concepts and considerations about the characteristics of the child in pre-school age and the perception of space. The second part is the presentation of research results on the essence of spatial education of pre-school children in the opinion of respondents.
Key words: pre-school children, spatial perception, spatial education
COHERENT AND COMPACT URBAN STRUCTURE AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF CITY USERS ON THE EXAMPLE OF WROCŁAW
Alicja Zakrzewska-Półtorak, Agata Pluta
Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu
The aim of the article is to discuss and evaluate the significance of the coherent and compact urban structure for the development of the city and the indication of their use of activities that may have a positive impacton the quality of residents’ and other city users’ life, on the example of Wrocław. Methods used in the article are descriptive, simple statistical methods and case studies. There is a lack of cohesion and coherence in functional spatial structure in Wrocław. Meanwhile, compact urban structure can help improve the quality of life of residents and other city users. In the new strategic documents: the project of the Study of conditions and directions of Wrocław spatial planning and the Strategy for Wrocław 2030, attach great importance to the coherent and compact urban structure. Particularly important actions are: adherence to the principle of urban fulfillment, strengthening the role or creating bustling public spaces, taking care of the multifunctionality of the city center, revitalizing and ensuring more self-sufficiency of outlying settlements, and maintaining the distinctness of individual districts and urban units, while strengthening the functional links between them.
Key words:compact city, spatial policy, functional spatial structure, study of conditions and directions of urban development, development strategy, citizens
THE ROLE OF COOPERATIVES IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Co-operative movement was born in the period of increasing socio-economic inequalities of industrial capitalism. Nearly two centuries of experience show that co-operatives as a form of doing business prevents and protects their members from the process of deteriorating living and working conditions. By pooling their resources and implementing democratic management, co-operatives accumulate savings, they also accumulate human and social capital. Their activities take place on a local scale, in the city, in the municipality or region. As indicated by contemporary regional development theories, they use and accumulate internal resources. The purpose of the article is to indicate the role that cooperatives play in local development, by the accumulation of resources. In the light of the theory of endogenous development, investments are internal resource. Capital expenditures per worker are assumed to represent capital accumulation. This indicator can represent capital accumulation, with the real assumption that cooperatives are gathering resources locally. The article uses data on investment outlays and the number of employed in co-operatives from the Statistical Yearbooks of the Central Statistical Office for the period 2007–2015. Reports from international cooperative organizations that emphasized the importance of cooperatives in local development in the world were also helpful. The survey provides the following conclusions: on the one hand, we are witnessing a falling number of co-operatives, a decline in employment in this sector and a decrease in investment outlays, on the other we have regions where cooperatives belong to the largest enterprises and are stable employers.
Key words: co-operatives, regional development, internal resources, capital accumulation