LANDSCAPE VALUATION AND DESIGN PROCESS OF PUBLIC SPACE – A CASE STUDY OF THE PUBLIC BEACH IN MRAGOWO
Mariusz Antolak, Natalia Małkowska
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
There are many methods of valorisation of the landscape [Antolak, Młynarczyk 2013] showing the value of the area, among others in terms of suitability and predisposition of the area to act as specific functions or degree of visual attractiveness. The methods are based primarily on the expert experience of the landscape ”objective” valuation. The design concept of the public beach at Czos Lake in Mragowo was based on selected research methods. Wejchert’s impression curve method was used and pilot studies involving the design process of visual space users were conducted. The applied methods of landscape valorisation allowed to graphically present the experiences and impressions of people using the land and helped in formulating the design guidelines.
Key words: social valuation, aquatic areas, conception of spatial development, landscape architecture, landscape analysis, Mrągowo
LOOKOUT TRAILS IN PROTECTED AREAS – A CASE STUDY OF ECOLOGICAL SITE ROZLEWISKO MORASKIE
Mariusz Antolak, Ewelina Pochodyła
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Educational trails often occur through the areas encompassed by various forms of nature conservation. Designing proces of these routes should be subjected to the principles of environmental protection, so it is extremely important to skilfully manage their surroundings. In the design process, there should be proposed solutions that will make the areas more attractive and will not adversely affect the object of their protection. Lookout trails are an example of educational trails. They have diverse character and perform various functions related primarily to their location. The paper presents the concept of development of the outlook trail along the part of the Rozlewisko Morąskie. The concept based on the results of conducted analyzes.
Key words: protected areas, landscape architecture, environmental education, educational trail, Morąg
REVITALIZATION OF URBAN SPACE – CASE STUDY OF GHENT, BELGIUM
Jadwiga Biegańska, Stefania Środa-Murawska, Krzysztof Rogatka, Dominika Finc, Mariusz Cielicki, Wojciech Kuczmowski, Michał Kwiatkowski, Martin Werner, Lilianna Kopczyńska
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Revitalisation is a natural consequence of social, economic and spatial transformations taking place around the world. This process seems to be particularly dynamic in Europe where it is a characteristic answer to the industrialisation of the turn of the 20th century. Revitalisation, understood as a reaction to the appearance of degradation processes and negative socio-economic consequences related to them in the urban space, seems to be the answer to adverse phenomena and processes taking place in the urban space, in particular in highly developed regions of the world. In the study, authors considered the urban revitalization as the case study of Ghent. Ghent, the second-largest city in the Flamish Region in Belgium after Antwerp (253,266 residents as at 2017), located in the Flemish Region, is among the first cities in Europe to have noticed the opportunities related to the correct planning of revitalization. The main source of data for this paper consists in an on-site query performed between August and September 2016. During the query, the researchers confronted information contained in the zoning plans with the facts, and carried out a questionnaire survey. Four different parts of Ghent implementing revitalisation projects were covered by the study, including The Sint-Pieters Station site, Brugse Poort, Oude Dokken, Dampoort. In order to follow the manner in which revitalisation is perceived in different parts of the city, respondents were asked what they thought were the problems present in the discussed parts of the city and, consequently, what projects were implemented there; what were the advantages of the implemented projects; and finally how they assessed prior activity in this field and what else should be done in the future within the implemented revitalisation projects in the discussed areas. In our study we have shown that Ghent’s authorities have created a good vision of the revitalisation process with significant support from the city’s inhabitants.
Key words: revitalization, dysfunctional areas, urban, Ghent, Belgium
ŚCIEŻKI RONDO WIATRACZNA W WARSZAWIE – CENTRUM LOKALNE CZY REGIONALNE
Małgorzata Denis, Anna Majewska
Wiatraczna traffic circle situated in the heart of the Warsaw Grochów despite its interesting location is currently neglected and without its own identity. The purpose of this study is to conduct a research and design analysis of this area and to indicate the major tasks in the field of architecture and city planning which should be implemented, so as to be able to conduct the revitalization of this area. One of the important elements is the construction of the second underground line which can lead to further changes including: the main roads course, elimination of the tram loop, modernization of the existing buildings and elimination of the buildings which do not harmonize with the surroundings. These changes will allow creation of the public spaces, squares, pedestrian ways so that people regain this place again.
Key words: revitalization, Wiatraczna traffic circle, public space
INCLUSION OF PREFERENCES OF REAL ESTATE POTENTIAL BUYERS IN THE SPACE MANAGEMENT PROCESS AS A STIMULATION OF IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY IN THE URBAN SPACE
Małgorzata Gerus-Gościewska, Dariusz Gościewski, Agnieszka Szczepańska
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
The main tasks for spatial planning under the Planning and Spatial Management Act include preservation of spatial order and sustainable development. The spatial order in cities is evaluated as unsatisfactory. Space is designed by qualified specialists, but frequently without taking into account users’ preferences as to its shape. The Planning and Spatial Management Act imposes an obligation to include social participation into the spatial planning process. The application of results obtained through heuristic methods can provide one of the instruments enabling implementation of this task. The status of spatial order is related to spatial safety, which consequently affects sustainable development. During the survey, a method of ranking was used, where the surveyed evaluated for their space of residence, apart from the feeling of safety, the presence of such features as access to social infrastructure, easy commuting and convenient shopping. Afterwards, selected features were examined using the method of direct comparison with the spatial safety feature, in order to demonstrate the importance of features for respondents in terms of the choice of the residence location. The results obtained during the research indicate that an important element determining the choice of the place of residence is the state of spatial safety. Attempts should be made to improve the spatial order in order to improve safety, which will consequently contribute to the preservation of sustainable development.
Key words: physical planning, urban space, space management, safety in space
THE POTENTIAL OF PERIPHERAL RURAL AREAS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE PODLASKIE VOIVODESHIP
Zofia Kołoszko-Chomentowska1, Marek Zdziarstek2
Politechnika Białostocka1, Zespół Szkół Specjalnych w Brańszczyku2
The development of peripheral rural areas is of fundamental importance to the growth of rural areas. The voivodeships of Eastern Poland are considered to be peripheral regions, including the Podlaskie voivodeship. The goal of this paper was to assess the growth potential of the Podlaskie voivodeship after over a decade of functioning in EU structures.
This voivodeship is characterized by the qualities of peripheral regions. The value of the GDP is continuously approx. 30% lower than the national average, and depopulation processes are taking place in some communes. The region is internally polarized in terms of growth potential. The economic activity of the inhabitants is low. The high level of agriculture allows it to maintain the leading position in milk production. Therefore it is justified to support the leading role of agriculture.
Key words: rural areas, peripheries, development, depopulation
THE ROLE OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND SOCIAL PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE OPINION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS OF THE ZACHODNIOPOMORSKIE VOIVODESHIP
The aim of the article is to answer the question whether local government units are aware of the role of soft endogenous factors, especially human capital and social participation in local development? The answer to this question is important, especially in the context of the new paradigm of regional and local development, which emphasizes parity and even their supremacy in relation to exogenous factors. In order for these factors to contribute to development, there must be specific conditions favorable for this, including local authority should be aware of their role in this process. Hence, publication on such a topic is part of current research issues. The article uses the methods of: questionnaire survey, deduction and statistical inference, which made it possible to formulate conclusions about the perception of the significance of the examined factors by local government units.
Key words: local development, soft endogenous factors, human capital, social participation
THE USE OF EU AID PROGRAMS AS A FACTOR OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT – AN EXAMPLE OF THE KUJAWSKO-POMORSKIE VOIVODSHIP
Roman Rudnicki, Anna Dubownik
Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
The article is an attempt to balance the EU funds at the municipal level of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodeship in the first full financial perspective (2007-2013). The analysis included the total of EU funds, with the allocation of direct payments, of programs aimed at the development of agriculture and rural areas (Rural Development Program, FISH OP), and the Regional Operational Program of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship and Operational Programs: Infrastructure and Environment, Innovative Economy, Human Capital. It has been shown that the level and structure of disbursement characterized by a strong spatial differentiation – are important for local development, so this issue should be a sine qua non for municipal planning papers.
Key words: local development, EU assistance programs, planning documents of the municipality, Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodeship
VISUAL ATTRACTIONS OF PEDESTRIAN PATHS IN CITIES
Ewa Trzaskowska, Paweł Adamiec
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
One of the most important human activities in cities is his transportation, which takes place along linear systems set in specific area. Walking on the pavements is especially valuable. In order to get this activity more popular the city should increase the quantity and quality of well designed, beautiful public spaces. Subjects of our work are issues related to the verification of existing ones and design of new linear systems of pedestrian traffic. Our main goal was to know the opinion of users on the walking trails in order to obtain tips for their optimization. Discussed problems have impact on the individual natural environment elements and pavements appearance on trails attractiveness.
Key words: footpaths, sidewalks, transportation, visual attractiveness
THE LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AS A FACTOR FORMING THE VALUE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SELECTED ECONOMIES
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
The main purpose of the research and analysis was an evaluation of determinants changes of the legal and administrative investment climate in the aspect of forming the value of foreign direct investment (FDI). The study involved selected Central East Europe countries in 2007-2016. The value of inflow FDI and accumulative FDI inflow expressed in total and in per capita were analysed. The registered values and their changes were referred to the transformations which have been made in the determinants of business activity in selected economies. Research proves the existence of dependencies between FDI inflow and the legal and administrative investment climate, their indicators and rate of change in this area. An empirical analysis was conducted using database resources from Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (from years: 2007-2017), The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and World Bank Group (from years: 2007-2017).
Key words: foreign capital, investment climate, location factors, public institutions, business regulation, legal and administrative reforms