The role of agricultural real estate of State Treasury in shaping the agrarian structure in the warmińsko-mazurskie province
Krajowy Ośrodek Wsparcia Rolnictwa
The process of ownership transformations in the state sector of agriculture covered over 4,7 millions of ha (19,8% of farm lands in Poland) with its scope, which were taken over from the Resources of State-owned Agricultural Property between 1992-2017 mainly from the state-owned agricultural households, PFZ and other titles. From the taken over lands, about 18% (808,6 thous. ha) included lands located in the warmińsko-mazurskie province, coming mainly from 270 former PGRs /state collective farm/ the participation of which in the structure amounted to 84,8%. The purpose of the research was the identification of the influence of ownership transformations in the state agricultural sector on shaping the agrarian structure in the warmińsko-mazurskie province. The issue was analysed, i.a., on the basis of the data from reports of the Agency of Farm Property for the year from 1992 to 2017, the data of the statistical yearbooks GUS / Chief Statistical Office / selected positions of the thematic literature, data from the economic register KWR and legal acts. A significant influence on the changes in agrarian structure was affected by adopted formal-legal solutions, economic-financial situation of the PGRs being taken over as somehow conditioning the pace of taking over and preparing as well as the scope, level, forms as dynamics of developing the agricultural state-owned real estate. As a result of the process of managing the WRSP Resources, a participation of the private sector in the structure of ownership increased nearly 1,9-times, i.e. from 48,6 % in 1992 to about 90% in 2017. The analyses made indicate that in the warmińsko-mazurskie as a result of the activity conducted, there were 354, 1 thous. ha of lands permanently managed by means of sale, and on the basis of 11,9% of the agreements concluded for the plots with the area above 20 ha it covered 78,0% of the lands acquired both by natural and legal persons. Statistical data indicates that to the main extent, on these lands there could have been 9,0 thousands of farm households established with the area above of 50 ha. The processes of ownership transformations were accompanies also by the processes of reducing a number of farm households (from 57,6 thousands in 2002 to 42,0 thousands in 2016) with an increase of nearly 1.6 times of average area of individual farm households of concentration i.e. 14,0 ha in 2002 to 22,07 ha in 2016.
Individual farm householdsabove 1 ha
Key words: management; farm households of State Treasury; agrarian structure
Public spaces without barriers – accessibility and functionality analysis of Wrocław city’s public spaces according to the needs of people with disabilities
Karolina Gabryańczyk, Sonia Orlińska
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Urbanistyki CARDO, Politechnika Wrocławska
The purpose of the article is to discuss issues of public spaces in relation to the seven principles of universal design created in the Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University. Those principles are recognized as a worldwide standard for accessibility. Subjects of the analysis are located in central as well as suburban parts of Wroclaw, Poland. All of them are recent modernizations, following the newest design trends. The main focus of the research is quality and functionality of those spaces. Authors verify if spaces can be in fact called universal, or rather merely accessible. The difference between those concepts will be identified and emphasized. The purpose of the aspects explored, is raising awareness about the value universal design for modern society, standing in front of demographic changes. The thesis will be also confronted with relatively low interest of designers, developers and administrations
Key words: Disability; universal design; accessibility; public spaces; accessibility audit; Wroclaw
Legal aspects of the professional liability of a property appraiser – selected issues
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
The aim of this scientific work is a thorough analysis of legal regulations regarding the professional responsibility of a property appraiser. At the beginning, the figure of a property appraiser was illustrated with particular emphasis on his qualifications. Next, attention was paid to legal regulations and substantive basis, in which the principles of proper conduct in the profession of a property appraiser were defined. Moreover, the consequences of the property appraiser have been illustrated in the event of failure to perform the tasks entrusted to him or failure to comply with applicable law. In addition, the work has been enriched with the latest judicial decisions in the area of professional property valuer’s responsibility
Key words: Dproperty appraiser; law; professional responsibility; professional ethics
Scale and determinants of the designation of forest land for non-forest purposes in Poland
Instytut Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
In Poland a part of forest land is annually excluded from production and designated for non-forest purposes. The article shows the scale, directions and spatial differences of this phenomenon. It also discusses the legal conditions of forestland exclusion from production. The study period covers the years 2002-2016. The analysis was conducted by voivodeships and poviats. The research proved that in the analysed years the area designated for non-forest purposes increased 3 times. Treasury land prevails in the ownership structure of woodland excluded from production. The prevailing purpose of its exclusion is for mined land (57.6%). The least important is the designation for the construction of water reservoirs (2.2%) and their share in the years 2002-2016 shows a declining trend.
Key words: woodland; forests; exclusion from forest production; directions of exclusion; Poland
Activation of the potential of the inhabitants of Polish cities through artistic activities based on selected examples
Katedra Projektowania Środowiskowego Wydział Architektury Politechnika Gdańska
Currently, over half of the inhabitants of our globe live in urbanised areas. This has led to a significant increase in population density in cities over the last few decades, and thus has changed the lifestyle of their residents. In thousands of cities, it is increasingly difficult to find a pretext and the opportunity to establish closer relationships with the people around us. Artistic activities related to the creation and presentation of art in public spaces are one of the ways to activate the potential of urban residents. The aim of the article is to analyse five small-scale artistic activities defining spatial procedures, thanks to which positive effects can be achieved – socialising and making space more aesthetic.
Key words: artistic projects; participation projects; potential of city dwellers; art; public space
Rewitalizacja przestrzeni publicznych miejscowości z ruchem tranzytowym w centrum na przykładzie Grybowa
Jarosław Szczepanek, Ewa Trzaskowska
Instytut Architektury Krajobrazu, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Market is the most important place in the city, especially in a small town, where it performs representative, commercial and social role. Due to the fact that it is often the only public space in this places, that it’s important to care aesthetic, historical and cultural values. Many markets of small Polish cities, also the market in Grybów does not fully exploit their values, performing mainly the transport and parking function. The problem stems from the route of a high traffic which runs through the center. Historically, the course of roads through town centers was a desirable phenomenon, as it contributed to the city’s economic development. Currently, these roads are a barrier divisiving urban centers and lowering the rank and quality of public spaces. The market square in Grybów is crossed by the national road No. 28. There is a proposal to build a beltway, but it was not accepted by the residents. The work presents proposals of actions aimed at “recovering” the space for residents and encouraging them to stay in it, which in the future could contribute to the elimination of vehicular traffic from the center and completion of the revitalization process. Attention was paid to the problem of the destruction of public spaces by vehicular traffic, low interest of residents in the use of common spaces, which has been consolidated over the years when they were missing. The issues raised at work indicate that it is worth referring to Gehl’s idea of “cities for people” also in small towns and it should constitute guidelines for local government authorities.
Key words: revitalization; public spaces; vehicural traffic; small towns; Grybów
Visual perception of tenements’ façade colors and possibilities for use it in spatial order building
Ewa Trzaskowska, Sebastian Janiszek
Instytut Architektury Krajobrazu, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Habitants more and more often attend in landscaping of their cities by participating in spatial economy or civil budget. Many cities advantage to that implementing Gehl’s ideas „towns for the people”. Interest in aesthetisc of the towns, spatial chaos, mistakes in administration are very valuable, but they do not deal to appropriate activity in each case. It happens that they are used to move responsibility for a town to habitants by authorities. This work matter of concern is a valuation of tenements’ colouring in Lublin and their reception by habitants. It was tried on a base of conducting survey reserch to respond if it can be a base to build new colouring order.
Key words: colouring order; city reception; participation; center of Lublin