VITALITY OF DEGRADED AREAS ON THE EXAMPLE OF KATOWICE
University of Economics in Katowice
The aim of this article is checking the possibility of attributing features of the vital city i.e. territorially creative actions leading to integration and sustainable development for the local community, the space and the economy of Katowice, for areas intended the revitalization in 2016-2022. There will be presented to the possibility of leading out degraded areas from a crisis situation, where there is a strong concentration of negative social phenomena and spatial problems in particular districts of the city. Using the GIS tools, the location of areas defined as degraded in the Local Revitalization Programme of the city of Katowice and post-industrial areas made available in the Public Information Platform “Post-industrial and degraded areas” will be analyzed in order to identify common areas of space.
Keywords: vitality of the city, degraded areas, post-industrial areas, revitalization
THE CLASSIFICATION OF POLISH MUNICIPALITIES ACCORDING TO INCOME FROM REAL ESTATE
Wojciech Kisiała, Maria Trojanek
Poznań University of Economics and Business
The main aim of the paper is to outline the diversity of the Polish municipalities with respect to real estate generated revenues to the local budgets. The analysis encompassed delimitating and characterizing types of municipalities that boasted similar configurations of the analyzed features (tax, current and property income). In the course of the research, the multidimensional clustering methods was applied, e.g. cluster analysis. The study was conducted on the basis of aggregated (to eliminate incidental fluctuation) values of income from real estate in the years 2013-2015, referred to the number of inhabitants. The proposed classification allowed for division municipalities into six clusters, distinguished on the basis of revenue levels from real estate. Specific distribution patterns of the identified types of municipalities were detected.
Key words: income from real estate, types of municipalities, cluster analysis, k-means clustering, Poland.
PROSPECT OF LAND MANAGEMENT LOCAL PLAN IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT – CHOSEN LEGAL ISSUES
Martyna Król1, Karol Król2, Grażyna Gawrońska2
University of Silesia1, University of Agriculture in Krakow2
Prospect of influence on the environment prepared in strategic assessment of land management local plan impact on the environment should allow to estimate results of the local plan’s resolution or its change, revision of proposed solutions, compact evaluation of cumulated impacts on adjacent areas covered by various documents as well as to establish frames of later monitoring results of accepted resolution. The aim of the paper was to analyse chosen judicial decisions concerning such aspects of making prospect of influence on the environment of land management local plan that can raise doubts.
It was proved in conclusion that the prospect of influence on the environment is a basic evidence in evaluating impact set in the local plan’s project of land purpose for natural elements and information included in the prospect of influence on the environment should be adapted to the local plan’s content and detail degree.
Keywords: environment protection, impact on the environment, spatial planning
THE INFLUENCE OF URBAN CENTERS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INVESTMENT AREAS
Anita Kukulska, Katarzyna Cegielska, Tomasz Salata, Marta Szylar
University of Agriculture in Krakow
Suburban municipalities are heavily influenced by the nearby agglomeration. This is particularly evident in their spatial policy. This analysis aimed to identify the influence of the distance from the city on the surface of areas designated in the local spatial development plans for investment. The study focused on the calculation of the surface of existing development areas and building reserve areas. For this purpose geospatial data and GIS tools were used. Interpretation of the results led to the conclusion that the proximity of the city significantly affect the size of investment areas. The farther from the urban center, the lower demand for building land. Therefore, smaller areas are designated in local plans for development.
Key words: investment areas, local spatial development plan, suburbanization.
GREEN AS AN ELEMENT OF TIPPING ATTRACTION AND QUALITY OF PUBLIC SPACES
Ewa Trzaskowska, Paweł Adamiec
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
Urban green is an extremely valuable, and yet is not fully appreciated the matter in the urban public spaces. Green areas affect not only the sense of security, but also the health, well-being and social ties. Often is overlooked the fact, that through the proper selection and formation of green areas can greatly increase value of public space. In large extent green areas influences positive on attractiveness of space and raises the quality of life.
This paper is based on our research demonstrating the esthetic role of green areas in public spaces of Lublin (as an example). We evaluated conditions and values of these terrains, and also identified trends shaping the space in accordance with the principles of esthetic in order to improve the quality of life, environmental conditions and minimize the maintenance cost of green areas.
Key words: public space, city, green areas, Lublin.
LEGAL LIMITATIONS AND NATURAL CONDITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY IN NATURE 2000 SITES IN WARMIA AND MAZURY REGION
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
Nature 2000 sites are created in the aim of the conservation of rare and endangered plant and animal species (especially birds) and their habitats in UE. The protection of these areas depends on limitation of realization of projects that may significantly affect the environment related with intensive agricultural activity. In the range of agriculture-environment-climatical programme, the agriculture may be development in the agritourism area, and it also serves the protection of biodiversity by the protection of swamps and peatbog. In the Warmia and Mazury Region based on analysis of plans of protective tasks determined agricultural risks of the following natural habitats: meadow and grass – inappropriate management of meadows and grasslands, peatbogs – meliorations, old-river beds and water bodies – agricultural flows and breeding habitats of birds – agricultural intensification and chemicalization, drying boggy terrains and burning meadows. The protection of these habitats mainly depends on the suitable use of meadow and grassland management and the limitation of agricultural intensification and chemicalization.
Key words: Agriculture, Nature 2000 sites, legal regulations, plans of protective tasks.