SPATIAL AND SOCIAL-ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF EXPRESSWAY S7 IN OLSZTYNEK – NIDZICA PASSAGE TOGETHER WITH OLSZTYNEK RING ROAD IN THE EXPRESSWAY S51
Andrzej Biłozor, Małgorzata Renigier-Biłozor, Natalia Julia Zielińska
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
The development of road transport contributed to the construction of a modern road infrastructure. However, the planning of new roads, especially expressways, has a significant impact on the spatial structure of non-urbanized areas. Running such a large venture, which is the construction of a new expressway, it entails many lasting effects of both space, the environment or social and economic aspects. Land management in rural areas requires a comprehensive approach, taking into account all the social, economic and natural elements of the spatial structure. The paper presents spatial and socio-economic effects of the construction the Expressway S7 section Olsztynek – Nidzica, together with the ring road of Olsztynek (S51 express road) on the example of the village Sudwa. The study involved the analysis of the possession and use of land and the fragmentation and dispersion of individual land. The authors also assessed the impact of the expressway construction on the spatial structure of the village Sudwa and an assessment of the spatial structure of the farm land.
Keywords: land management, expressway, spatial effects, socio-economic effect.
TENDENCIES IN DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN BUSINESS SERVICES MARKET IN POLAND
Waldemar W. Budner
Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
Globalization leads to integration of countries. It is accompanied by the creation of new institutions, whose activities cross the coutries’ borders. In recent years the market of modern business services – outsourcing, has been developing dynamically in the world. The article presents the development trend of modern business service centers in Poland. It shows the dynamics of changes in the sector with a forecast for year 2017. It sets out the grounds for decisions of foreign investors about the location of outsourcing centers and their relationship to the development of the office real estate market. This branch has been a driving force in modern office estate market. There has been established nearly 1,000 service centers which created more than 200 thousand new jobs.
Key words: outsourcing, business centers, real estate, cities, Poland
PARTICIPATORY BUDGET OF GREEN’S AREAS BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CITY OF OLSZTYN
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Increasingly often, residents of Western European cities want to have a voice in the appearance of public spaces. The popularity of citizens’ budgets among local governments is growing. A parti- cipatory budget is an initiative with huge potential and it may be the beginning of changes in the city management system. There are still too few green areas in Polish cities. In Olsztyn, the share of green areas (including the municipal forest) amounts to about 24%. Despite several compensatory plantings, there have still been too few actions taken with respect to green areas. The article outlines a proposal for allocating a part of the citizens’ budget to a green budget due to an excessively low, i.e. around 13%, share of projects concerning green areas. Actions were proposed which could be carried out as part of the green participatory budget in the city of Olsztyn.
Key words: participatory budget, green areas , Olsztyn
METHODOLOGY VERIFICATION THE IMPACT OF MARKET FEATURES ON THE LEVEL OF TRANSACTION PRICES AND ITS APPLICATION IN LAND CONSOLIDATION PROCESS
Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie
Multifunctionality of rural areas in various sectors of the economy enforces the need to take into account this fact in the work of consolidation and exchange of land. The change of land ownership and land use is beneficial not only for the development of agriculture, but also on the development of non-agricultural functions of the area covered by consolidation. The basis for proper implementation of consolidation and exchange of land is valuation of land free from errors and defects In the situation of increasingly growing real estate market also in terms of agricultural land, it is reasonable to use transaction prices to estimate land value for the needs of land consolidation and exchange. This solution facilitates the mutual settlements between the participants of consolidation, will allow the trade of land during the process of consolidation, and also will affect the accuracy of determining of the value of land owned by the participants of consolidation, especially in terms of the development of non-agricultural functions. The current regulations allow valuation based on transaction prices in a situation not specify the principles of respect for the participants merge. These regulations impose a significant limitation, however, it is the use of prices obtained for the sale of state-owned agricultural estates. So estimated value does not satisfy signs of market value. The research undertaken in the work carried out in the area of an agricultural nature confirms the thesis that the volatility of transaction prices of agricultural properties is caused by the characteristic features of the local real estate market. To avoid errors of faulty valuation of the property due to incorrect indication of the number and types of features deciding on the volatility of prices, it is necessary to carry out their verification.
Keywords: real estate market, agricultural property, the transaction price, consolidation and exchange of land, the estimated value of land
THE RECREATION AND LEISURE POTENTIAL OF COPULAR PUBLIC SPACE ON EXAMPLE LIPOWA STREET IN LUBLIN
Ewa Trzaskowska, Aneta Miszczuk
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
The quality of public space are depended on many factors. Visual expression, esthetics, design, architecture, greenery and availability for differ users, ensuring security have impact on them. In this article assessment one of the historical street in the centre of Lublin is given. There are different users such as residents of nearby old buildings, visitors, nearby strip mall’s customers, learners, students and clerks of numerous offices located around the street. Although remotely the Lipowa street is used to rest. It is area dedicated mostly to traffic flow. Characteric of this linear system of foot traffic and assessment of its potencial as public space dedicated to residents’ recreation is taken as the main aim of this article on. The problems considered at this work can contribute to fill the gap in public space designing.
Keywords: public space, streets, leisure, Lublin